GATE Syllabus for Architecture and Planning (AR) – GATE Syllabus 2021


GATE Syllabus for Architecture and Planning- GATE 2021 session has been released. IIT Bombay has been released the complete syllabus of GATE 2021 for all  27 subject. This article is dependent upon the GATE syllabus 2021 for architecture and planning. However, those applicants who want to check the complete syllabus of architecture and planning can go through this article carefully. The syllabus of architecture and planning is available in PDF format so that the user can easily download the syllabus of architecture and planning. According to our expert students who are planning to give the GATE exam they need to cover a used amount of syllabus. So those students required more time for preparation for this exam because this is not easy for every student to crack the GATE exam. This is the reason that students start their preparation as early as possible. This is the major point that students are required to cover the complete syllabus and increase their chance to crack the GATE entrance exam. 

Latest:- GATE 2021 application form has been released applicant can apply the GATE exam 2021 by clicking on the direct link which is given below. GATE 2021 online application form is available till 30 September 2020.

GATE Syllabus for Architecture and Planning

Now let’s take an overview of the GATE syllabus 2021 for architecture and planning in this paragraph. GATE 2021 syllabus for architecture and planning has been divided into 8 different sections. Questions will be asked in these eight sections only. These 8 sections contain many topics in the application that need to go through this topic completely. Detailed information about the GATE 2021 syllabus for architecture and planning has been given below so read this article carefully.

GATE Exam Pattern 2021

The aspirants were advised to go through the complete exam pattern of GATE 2021 as given below.

Type of QuestionMCQ – Multiple Choice QuestionsNAT – Numerical Answer Type Questions
SectionsGeneral Aptitude section in all papers
General Aptitude SectionThe mandatory General Aptitude (GA) section will have 10 questions.Five of the questions will be of one mark and the remaining five will be of two marks each.The total marks for this section will be 15 marks.
Marking SchemeFor one mark MCQs – 1/3 mark will be deducted for every wrong answer.For two mark MCQs – 2/3 mark will be deducted for every wrong response.Zero marks will be provided for unanswered questions.No negative marking will be done for NAT questions.
No. of questions askedThere are 65 questions (100 marks).

GATE Architecture & Planning Engineering Exam Pattern

SectionDistribution of MarksTotal MarksTypes of questions
GA5 questions of 1 mark each
5 questions of 2 marks each

     15 marks 

AR- Subject-Based25 questions of 1 mark each
30 questions of 2 marks each 
    85 marks  MCQs and NATs

Marking scheme

Type of questionNegative marking for wrong answerMarking for correct answer
MCQs⅓ for 1 mark questions
⅔ for 2 marks questions
1 or 2 marks
NATsNo negative marking 1 or 2 marks

GATE Syllabus for Architecture and Planning (AR) Detailed sylabus 2021

Part A: Common

Section 1: Architecture, Planning and Design

Architectural Graphics; Visual composition in 2D and 3D; Computer application in Architecture and Planning;
Anthropometrics; Organization of space; Circulation- horizontal and vertical; Space Standards; Universal
design; Building byelaws; Codes and standards;

Section 2: Construction and Management

Project management techniques e.g. PERT, CPM etc. ; Estimation and Specification; Professional practice and
ethics; Form and Structure; Principles and design of disaster resistant structures; Temporary structures for

Section 3: Environmental Planning and Design

Natural and man-made ecosystem; Ecological principles; Environmental considerations in planning and design;
Environmental pollution- types, causes, controls and abatement strategies; Sustainable development, goals and
strategies; Climate change and built environment; Climate responsive design;

Section 4: Urban Design, landscape and Conservation

Historical and modern examples of urban design; Elements of urban built environment – urban form, spaces,
structure, pattern, fabric, texture, grain etc.; Concepts and theories of urban design; Principles, tools and
techniques of urban design; Public spaces, character, spatial qualities and Sense of Place; Urban design
interventions for sustainable development and transportation; Development controls – FAR, densities and
building byelaws. ; Urban renewal and conservation; heritage conservation; historical public spaces and gardens;
Landscape design; Site planning;

Section 5: Planning process

Salient concepts, theories and principles of urban planning; concepts of cities – Eco-City, Smart City; Concepts
and theories by trendsetting planners and designers; Ekistics; Urban sociology; Social, Economic and
environmental cost benefit analysis; Methods of non-spatial and spatial data analysis; Development guidelines
such as URDPFI;

Section 6: Housing

Housing typologies; Concepts, principles and examples of neighbourhood; Residential densities; Affordable
Housing; Real estate valuation;

Section 7: Services and Infrastructure

Firefighting Systems; Building Safety and Security systems; Building Management Systems; Water treatment;
Water supply and distribution system; Water harvesting systems; Principles, Planning and Design of storm
water drainage system; Sewage disposal methods; Methods of solid waste management – collection, transportation and disposal; Recycling and Reuse of solid waste; Land-use – transportation – urban form inter-
relationships; Design of roads, intersections, grade separators and parking areas; Hierarchy of roads and level of service; Para-transits and other modes of transportation, Pedestrian and slow moving traffic planning;

Part B1: Architecture

Section B1.1: History and Contemporary Architecture

Principles of Art and Architecture; World History of Architecture: Egyptian, Greco-Roman classical period,
Byzantine, Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque-Rococo, etc.; Recent trends in Contemporary Architecture: Art
nouveau, Art Deco, Eclecticism, International styles, Post Modernism, Deconstruction in architecture, etc.;
Influence of Modern art and Design in Architecture; Indian vernacular and traditional Architecture, Oriental
Architecture; Works of renowned national and international architects;

Section B1.2: Building Construction and Structural systems

Building construction techniques, methods and details; Building systems and prefabrication of building
elements; Principles of Modular Coordination; Construction planning and equipment; Building material characteristics and applications; Principles of strength of materials; Alternative building materials; Foundations;
Design of structural elements with different materials; Elastic and Limit State design; Structural systems;
Principles of Pre-stressing; High Rise and Long Span structures, gravity and lateral load resisting systems;

Section B1.3: Building Services and Sustainability

Solar architecture; Thermal, visual and acoustic comfort in built environments; Natural and Mechanical
ventilation in buildings; Air-Conditioning systems; Sustainable building strategies; Building Performance
Simulation and Evaluation; Intelligent Buildings; Water supply; Sewerage and drainage systems; Sanitary
fittings and fixtures; Plumbing systems; Principles of internal and external drainage system; Principles of
electrification of buildings; Elevators and Escalators – standards and uses;

Part B2: Planning

Section B2.1: Regional and Settlement Planning

Regional delineation; settlement hierarchy; Types and hierarchy of plans; Various schemes and programs of
central government; Transit-Oriented Development (TOD), SEZ, SRZ, etc.; Public Perception and user
behavior; National Housing Policies, Programs, and Schemes. ; Slums, Squatters and informal housing;
Standards for housing and community facilities; Housing for special areas and needs;

Section B2.2: Planning Techniques and Management

Application of G.I.S and Remote Sensing techniques in urban and regional planning; Tools and techniques of Surveys – Physical, Topographical, Land use and Socio-economic Surveys; Urban Economics, Law of demand
and supply of land and its use in planning; Graphic presentation of spatial data; Local self-governance,
Panchayati raj institutions; Planning Legislation and implementation – Land Acquisition Act, PPP, etc.; Decision
support system and Land Information System; Urban geography and econometrics; Management of
Infrastructure Projects; Demography and equity in planning;

Section B2.3: Infrastructure Planning

Process and Principles of Transportation Planning and Traffic Engineering; Road capacity and Travel demand
forecasting; Traffic survey methods, Traffic flow Analysis; Traffic analyses and design considerations; Traffi
and transport management and control in urban areas; Mass transportation planning; Intelligent Transportation
Systems; Urban and Rural Infrastructure System Network;

Click Here to download Architecture and planning Engineering Syllabus (AR) for GATE 2021

How to prepare for architecture and planning engineering?

Preparing for the GATE entrance exam required many good things that are smart work as well as hard work. If any student starts preparation by combining these two to activities then the student will crack the GATE entrance exam. apart from that as we know that it is a highly competitive exam so students must give their best and put their extra effort to crack this entrance exam. Students need to start their preparation from the easiest topic and then move towards difficult topics. all applicants need to make their plan for preparation one plan is for preparing the entrance exam and another plan is for covering the complete syllabus. 

Start with easy terms

The application needs to start their GATE preparation as early as possible because it is a highly competitive exam so it required more time to invest by the student. Students need to cover the easiest topic at the starting of this preparation time after that student will move towards difficult topics. This is because that if any student left an easy topic for the end time for the student will not able to cover the complete syllabus on time. Students need to cover the easy topics in starting because they can take a surety from these topics to secure marks from that. 

Focus on basic learning things

The applicant needs to focus on basic of the topic so that it at any type of question will appear in the question paper student can solve that question. And this is only possible at the time if the student will get the complete basic concepts clear from the topic. however, if students kept the basic concept of the topic then they are not able to attend the easiest question also which has been appeared in the question paper.

After completing the syllabus go and solve as many as practice mock test papers

This is because after completing syllabus student will get confidence as much as student is going to solve mock test papers. 20 mock test paper pattern and difficulty level of mock test is approximately same. Student also get familiar with exam pattern of GATE entrance exam after solving mock test papers. there will be one more benefit for the student that they can mark their performance step-by-step and overcome their queries.

Solved previous year question papers

solving the previous year question paper will provide a basic idea to the student that approximately question paper will be appearing in front of them. The previous year’s question paper will provide a rough idea to the student about the difficulty level of the GATE entrance exam. student can also check their basic concept level after giving up practicing on the previous year’s question paper. 

Revise and revise the concept

As we know that revision plays an important part in any type of exam. Those students who complete their syllabus before time then make a habit to revise and revise their topics. We also advise that students make separate notes for revision. And the student will take the revision part very seriously because it going to help the student.

Reference books for GATE Architecture and Planning (AR)

Building ConstructionSushil Kumar
Becoming a Landscape Architect: A Guide to Careers in DesignKelleann Foster
History of ArchitectureFletcher
Urban Transport Planning and ManagementPratibha Deshmukh
Manual of Tropical Housing and buildingKelleann Foster
CAD/CAM: Principles and ApplicationsP N Rao
Building Services and Equipment: 2F Hall
The Urban Pattern: City Planning and DesignGallion
Strength of materialR S Khurmi
Environmental Studies: From Crisis to CureRajagopalan

How should I plan my preparation for GATE 2021?

The applicant should prepare for the GATE exam 2021 in that manner that they can cover the complete syllabus in 4 to 5 months. And left out time before the exam they spend on revision format.

How should I practice MCQs in GATE 2021?

applicant should face as many as a mock test and previous year question paper these two things provide a lot of benefits to the student and help to practice in MCQs for GATE 2021.

How many books should I study for GATE 2020?

there are a lot of books but our research team research on all book and provide you the best result of research on books you can choose any one book from the above books and refer completely.

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